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Velcade Prescribing Information

This information is not for clinical use. These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Velcade safely and effectively. Before taking Velcade please consult with your doctor. See full prescribing information for Velcade.

Recent Changes

Indications and Usage (1.2) 10/2014
Dosage and Administration (2) 10/2014
Warnings and Precautions, Thrombocytopenia/Neutropenia (5.7) 10/2014

Indications And Usage

VELCADE is a proteasome inhibitor indicated for: treatment of patients with multiple myeloma (1.1) treatment of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (1.2) 1.1 Multiple Myeloma VELCADE® (bortezomib) is indicated for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma. 1.2 Mantle Cell Lymphoma VELCADE is indicated for the treatment of patients with mantle cell lymphoma.

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Dosage And Administration

Table 1: Dosage Regimen for Patients with Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma
Twice Weekly VELCADE (Cycles 1-4)
Week 1 2 3 4 5 6
VELCADE (1.3 mg/m2) Day 1 -- -- Day 4 Day 8 Day 11 rest period Day 22 Day 25 Day 29 Day 32 rest period
Melphalan(9 mg/m2) Prednisone(60 mg/m2) Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 -- -- rest period -- -- -- -- rest period
Once Weekly VELCADE (Cycles 5-9 when used in combination with Melphalan and Prednisone)
Week 1 2 3 4 5 6
VELCADE (1.3 mg/m2) Day 1 -- -- Day 8 rest period Day 22 Day 29 rest period
Melphalan(9 mg/m2) Prednisone(60 mg/m2) Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 -- -- rest period -- -- -- -- rest period

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Each single-use vial of VELCADE contains 3.5 mg of bortezomib as a sterile lyophilized white to off-white powder. Single-use vial contains 3.5 mg of bortezomib as lyophilized powder. (3)

Contraindications

VELCADE is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity (not including local reactions) to bortezomib, boron, or mannitol. Reactions have included anaphylactic reactions [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) ]. VELCADE is contraindicated for intrathecal administration. Fatal events have occurred with intrathecal administration of VELCADE. Patients with hypersensitivity (not including local reactions) to bortezomib, boron, or mannitol, including anaphylactic reactions. (4) Contraindicated for intrathecal administration. (4)

Warning and Cautions

Peripheral Neuropathy: Manage with dose modification or discontinuation. (2.7) Patients with preexisting severe neuropathy should be treated with VELCADE only after careful risk-benefit assessment. (2.7, 5.1) Hypotension: Use caution when treating patients taking anti-hypertensives, with a history of syncope, or with dehydration. (5.2) Cardiac Toxicity: Worsening of and development of cardiac failure has occurred. Closely monitor patients with existing heart disease or risk factors for heart disease. (5.3) Pulmonary Toxicity: Acute respiratory syndromes have occurred. Monitor closely for new or worsening symptoms. (5.4) Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: Consider MRI imaging for onset of visual or neurological symptoms; discontinue VELCADE if suspected. (5.5). Gastrointestinal Toxicity: Nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting may require use of antiemetic and antidiarrheal medications or fluid replacement. (5.6) Thrombocytopenia or Neutropenia: Monitor complete blood counts regularly throughout treatment. (5.7) Tumor Lysis Syndrome: Closely monitor patients with high tumor burden (5.8). Hepatic Toxicity: Monitor hepatic enzymes during treatment.(5.9). Embryo-fetal Risk: Women should avoid becoming pregnant while being treated with VELCADE. Advise pregnant women of potential embryo-fetal harm. (5.10) 5.1 Peripheral Neuropathy VELCADE treatment causes a peripheral neuropathy that is predominantly sensory; however, cases of severe sensory and motor peripheral neuropathy have been reported. Patients with pre-existing symptoms (numbness, pain or a burning feeling in the feet or hands) and/or signs of peripheral neuropathy may experience worsening peripheral neuropathy (including ≥ Grade 3) during treatment with VELCADE. Patients should be monitored for symptoms of neuropathy, such as a burning sensation, hyperesthesia, hypoesthesia, paresthesia, discomfort, neuropathic pain or weakness. In the Phase 3 relapsed multiple myeloma trial comparing VELCADE subcutaneous versus intravenous the incidence of Grade ≥ 2 peripheral neuropathy was 24% for subcutaneous and 39% for intravenous. Grade ≥ 3 peripheral neuropathy occurred in 6% of patients in the subcutaneous treatment group, compared with 15% in the intravenous treatment group. Starting VELCADE subcutaneously may be considered for patients with pre-existing or at high risk of peripheral neuropathy. Patients experiencing new or worsening peripheral neuropathy during VELCADE therapy may require a decrease in the dose and/or a less dose-intense schedule [see Dosage and Administration (2.7) ]. In the VELCADE versus dexamethasone phase 3 relapsed multiple myeloma study, improvement in or resolution of peripheral neuropathy was reported in 48% of patients with ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy following dose adjustment or interruption. Improvement in or resolution of peripheral neuropathy was reported in 73% of patients who discontinued due to Grade 2 neuropathy or who had ≥ Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy in the phase 2 multiple myeloma studies [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) ]. The long-term outcome of peripheral neuropathy has not been studied in mantle cell lymphoma. 5.2 Hypotension The incidence of hypotension (postural, orthostatic, and hypotension NOS) was 8%. These events are observed throughout therapy. Caution should be used when treating patients with a history of syncope, patients receiving medications known to be associated with hypotension, and patients who are dehydrated. Management of orthostatic/postural hypotension may include adjustment of antihypertensive medications, hydration, and administration of mineralocorticoids and/or sympathomimetics [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) ]. 5.3 Cardiac Toxicity Acute development or exacerbation of congestive heart failure and new onset of decreased left ventricular ejection fraction have occurred during VELCADE therapy, including reports in patients with no risk factors for decreased left ventricular ejection fraction. Patients with risk factors for, or existing heart disease should be closely monitored. In the relapsed multiple myeloma study of VELCADE versus dexamethasone, the incidence of any treatment-related cardiac disorder was 8% and 5% in the VELCADE and dexamethasone groups, respectively. The incidence of adverse reactions suggestive of heart failure (acute pulmonary edema, pulmonary edema, cardiac failure, congestive cardiac failure, cardiogenic shock) was ≤ 1% for each individual reaction in the VELCADE group. In the dexamethasone group the incidence was ≤ 1% for cardiac failure and congestive cardiac failure; there were no reported reactions of acute pulmonary edema, pulmonary edema, or cardiogenic shock. There have been isolated cases of QT-interval prolongation in clinical studies; causality has not been established. 5.4 Pulmonary Toxicity Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and acute diffuse infiltrative pulmonary disease of unknown etiology such as pneumonitis, interstitial pneumonia, lung infiltration have occurred in patients receiving VELCADE. Some of these events have been fatal. In a clinical trial, the first two patients given high-dose cytarabine (2g/m2 per day) by continuous infusion with daunorubicin and VELCADE for relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia died of ARDS early in the course of therapy. There have been reports of pulmonary hypertension associated with VELCADE administration in the absence of left heart failure or significant pulmonary disease. In the event of new or worsening cardiopulmonary symptoms, consider interrupting VELCADE until a prompt and comprehensive diagnostic evaluation is conducted. 5.5 Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES; formerly termed Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)) has occurred in patients receiving VELCADE. PRES is a rare, reversible, neurological disorder which can present with seizure, hypertension, headache, lethargy, confusion, blindness, and other visual and neurological disturbances. Brain imaging, preferably MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), is used to confirm the diagnosis. In patients developing PRES, discontinue VELCADE. The safety of reinitiating VELCADE therapy in patients previously experiencing PRES is not known. 5.6 Gastrointestinal Toxicity VELCADE treatment can cause nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] sometimes requiring use of antiemetic and antidiarrheal medications. Ileus can occur. Fluid and electrolyte replacement should be administered to prevent dehydration. Interrupt VELCADE for severe symptoms. 5.7 Thrombocytopenia/Neutropenia VELCADE is associated with thrombocytopenia and neutropenia that follow a cyclical pattern with nadirs occurring following the last dose of each cycle and typically recovering prior to initiation of the subsequent cycle. The cyclical pattern of platelet and neutrophil decreases and recovery remain consistent in the studies of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma, with no evidence of cumulative thrombocytopenia or neutropenia in the treatment regimens studied. Monitor complete blood counts (CBC) frequently during treatment with VELCADE. Measure platelet counts prior to each dose of VELCADE. Adjust dose/schedule for thrombocytopenia [see Tables 2 and 4 and Dosage and Administration (2.6) ]. Gastrointestinal and intracerebral hemorrhage has occurred during thrombocytopenia in association with VELCADE. Support with transfusions and supportive care, according to published guidelines. In the single-agent, relapsed multiple myeloma study of VELCADE versus dexamethasone, the mean platelet count nadir measured was approximately 40% of baseline. The severity of thrombocytopenia related to pretreatment platelet count is shown in Table 8. The incidence of bleeding (≥ Grade 3) was 2% on the VELCADE arm and was < 1% in the dexamethasone arm. Table 8: Severity of Thrombocytopenia Related to Pretreatment Platelet Count in the Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Study of VELCADE versus Dexamethasone Pretreatment Platelet CountA baseline platelet count of 50,000/µL was required for study eligibility Number of Patients (N=331)Data were missing at baseline for 1 patient Number (%) of Patients with Platelet Count < 10,000/µL Number (%) of Patients with Platelet Count 10,000-25,000/µL ≥ 75,000/µL 309 8 (3%) 36 (12%) ≥ 50,000/µL-< 75,000/µL 14 2 (14%) 11 (79%) ≥ 10,000/µL-< 50,000/µL 7 1 (14%) 5 (71%) In the combination study of VELCADE with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and prednisone (VcR-CAP) in previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma patients, the incidence of thrombocytopenia (≥ Grade 4) was 32% versus 1% for the rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) arm as shown in Table 12. The incidence of bleeding events (≥ Grade 3) was 1% in the VcR-CAP arm (3 patients) and was < 1% in the R-CHOP arm (1 patient). Platelet transfusions were given to 23% of the patients in the VcR-CAP arm and 3% of the patients in the R-CHOP arm. The incidence of neutropenia (≥ Grade 4) was 70% in the VcR-CAP arm and was 52% in the R-CHOP arm. The incidence of febrile neutropenia (≥ Grade 4) was 5% in the VcR-CAP arm and was 6% in the R-CHOP arm. Myeloid growth factor support was provided at a rate of 78% in the VcR-CAP arm and 61% in the R-CHOP arm. 5.8 Tumor Lysis Syndrome Tumor lysis syndrome has been reported with VELCADE therapy. Patients at risk of tumor lysis syndrome are those with high tumor burden prior to treatment. Monitor patients closely and take appropriate precautions. 5.9 Hepatic Toxicity Cases of acute liver failure have been reported in patients receiving multiple concomitant medications and with serious underlying medical conditions. Other reported hepatic reactions include hepatitis, increases in liver enzymes, and hyperbilirubinemia. Interrupt VELCADE therapy to assess reversibility. There is limited re-challenge information in these patients. 5.10 Embryo-fetal Risk Women of reproductive potential should avoid becoming pregnant while being treated with VELCADE. Bortezomib administered to rabbits during organogenesis at a dose approximately 0.5 times the clinical dose of 1.3 mg/m2 based on body surface area caused post-implantation loss and a decreased number of live fetuses [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) ].

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions are also discussed in other sections of the labeling: Peripheral Neuropathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ] Hypotension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ] Cardiac Toxicity[see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ] Pulmonary Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ] Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ] Gastrointestinal Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) ] Thrombocytopenia/Neutropenia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) ] Tumor Lysis Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8) ] Hepatic Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) ] Most commonly reported adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 20%) in clinical studies include nausea, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, neuralgia, anemia, leukopenia, constipation, vomiting, lymphopenia, rash, pyrexia, and anorexia. (6.1) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Millennium Pharmaceuticals at 1-866 VELCADE or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. 6.1 Clinical Trials Safety Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. Summary of Clinical Trial in Patients with Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma Table 9 describes safety data from 340 patients with previously untreated multiple myeloma who received VELCADE (1.3 mg/m2) administered intravenously in combination with melphalan (9 mg/m2) and prednisone (60 mg/m2) in a prospective randomized study. The safety profile of VELCADE in combination with melphalan/prednisone is consistent with the known safety profiles of both VELCADE and melphalan/prednisone. Table 9: Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions (≥ 10% in the VELCADE, Melphalan and Prednisone arm) with Grades 3 and ≥ 4 Intensity in the Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma Study VELCADE, Melphalan and Prednisone Melphalan and Prednisone (n=340) (n=337) System Organ Class Total Toxicity Grade, n (%) Total Toxicity Grade, n (%) Preferred Term n (%) 3 ≥ 4 n (%) 3 ≥ 4 Blood and lymphatic system disorders Thrombocytopenia 164 (48) 60 (18) 57 (17) 140 (42) 48 (14) 39 (12) Neutropenia 160 (47) 101 (30) 33 (10) 143 (42) 77 (23) 42 (12) Anemia 109 (32) 41 (12) 4 (1) 156 (46) 61 (18) 18 (5) Leukopenia 108 (32) 64 (19) 8 (2) 93 (28) 53 (16) 11 (3) Lymphopenia 78 (23) 46 (14) 17 (5) 51 (15) 26 (8) 7 (2) Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 134 (39) 10 (3) 0 70 (21) 1 (< 1) 0 Diarrhea 119 (35) 19 (6) 2 (1) 20 (6) 1 (< 1) 0 Vomiting 87 (26) 13 (4) 0 41 (12) 2 (1) 0 Constipation 77 (23) 2 (1) 0 14 (4) 0 0 Abdominal Pain Upper 34 (10) 1 (< 1) 0 20 (6) 0 0 Nervous system disorders Peripheral NeuropathyRepresents High Level Term Peripheral Neuropathies NEC 156 (46) 42 (12) 2 (1) 4 (1) 0 0 Neuralgia 117 (34) 27 (8) 2 (1) 1 (< 1) 0 0 Paresthesia 42 (12) 6 (2) 0 4 (1) 0 0 General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 85 (25) 19 (6) 2 (1) 48 (14) 4 (1) 0 Asthenia 54 (16) 18 (5) 0 23 (7) 3 (1) 0 Pyrexia 53 (16) 4 (1) 0 19 (6) 1 (< 1) 1 (< 1) Infections and infestations Herpes Zoster 39 (11) 11 (3) 0 9 (3) 4 (1) 0 Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia 64 (19) 6 (2) 0 19 (6) 0 0 Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rash 38 (11) 2 (1) 0 7 (2) 0 0 Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 35 (10) 1 (< 1) 0 21 (6) 0 0 Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Randomized Study of VELCADE versus Dexamethasone The safety data described below and in Table 10 reflect exposure to either VELCADE (n=331) or dexamethasone (n=332) in a study of patients with relapsed multiple myeloma. VELCADE was administered intravenously at doses of 1.3 mg/m2 twice weekly for 2 out of 3 weeks (21-day cycle). After eight 21-day cycles patients continued therapy for three 35-day cycles on a weekly schedule. Duration of treatment was up to 11 cycles (9 months) with a median duration of 6 cycles (4.1 months). For inclusion in the trial, patients must have had measurable disease and 1 to 3 prior therapies. There was no upper age limit for entry. Creatinine clearance could be as low as 20 mL/min and bilirubin levels as high as 1.5 times the upper limit of normal. The overall frequency of adverse reactions was similar in men and women, and in patients < 65 and ≥ 65 years of age. Most patients were Caucasian [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. Among the 331 VELCADE-treated patients, the most commonly reported (> 20%) adverse reactions overall were nausea (52%), diarrhea (52%), fatigue (39%), peripheral neuropathies (35%), thrombocytopenia (33%), constipation (30%), vomiting (29%), and anorexia (21%). The most commonly reported (> 20%) adverse reaction reported among the 332 patients in the dexamethasone group was fatigue (25%). Eight percent (8%) of patients in the VELCADE-treated arm experienced a Grade 4 adverse reaction; the most common reactions were thrombocytopenia (4%) and neutropenia (2%). Nine percent (9%) of dexamethasone-treated patients experienced a Grade 4 adverse reaction. All individual dexamethasone-related Grade 4 adverse reactions were less than 1%. Serious Adverse Reactions and Adverse Reactions Leading to Treatment Discontinuation in the Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Study of VELCADE versus Dexamethasone Serious adverse reactions are defined as any reaction that results in death, is life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongs a current hospitalization, results in a significant disability, or is deemed to be an important medical event. A total of 80 (24%) patients from the VELCADE treatment arm experienced a serious adverse reaction during the study, as did 83 (25%) dexamethasone-treated patients. The most commonly reported serious adverse reactions in the VELCADE treatment arm were diarrhea (3%), dehydration, herpes zoster, pyrexia, nausea, vomiting, dyspnea, and thrombocytopenia (2% each). In the dexamethasone treatment group, the most commonly reported serious adverse reactions were pneumonia (4%), hyperglycemia (3%), pyrexia, and psychotic disorder (2% each). A total of 145 patients, including 84 (25%) of 331 patients in the VELCADE treatment group and 61 (18%) of 332 patients in the dexamethasone treatment group were discontinued from treatment due to adverse reactions. Among the 331 VELCADE treated patients, the most commonly reported adverse reaction leading to discontinuation was peripheral neuropathy (8%). Among the 332 patients in the dexamethasone group, the most commonly reported adverse reactions leading to treatment discontinuation were psychotic disorder and hyperglycemia (2% each). Four deaths were considered to be VELCADE-related in this relapsed multiple myeloma study: 1 case each of cardiogenic shock, respiratory insufficiency, congestive heart failure and cardiac arrest. Four deaths were considered dexamethasone-related: 2 cases of sepsis, 1 case of bacterial meningitis, and 1 case of sudden death at home. Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions in the Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Study of VELCADE versus Dexamethasone The most common adverse reactions from the relapsed multiple myeloma study are shown in Table 10. All adverse reactions with incidence ≥ 10% in the VELCADE arm are included. Table 10: Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions (≥ 10% in VELCADE arm), with Grades 3 and 4 Intensity in the Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Study of VELCADE versus Dexamethasone (N=663) VELCADE N=331 Dexamethasone N=332 Preferred Term All Grade 3 Grade 4 All Grade 3 Grade 4 Adverse Reactions 324 (98) 193 (58) 28 (8) 297 (89) 110 (33) 29 (9) Nausea 172 (52) 8 (2) 0 31 (9) 0 0 Diarrhea NOS 171 (52) 22 (7) 0 36 (11) 2 (< 1) 0 Fatigue 130 (39) 15 (5) 0 82 (25) 8 (2) 0 Peripheral neuropathiesRepresents High Level Term Peripheral Neuropathies NEC 115 (35) 23 (7) 2 (< 1) 14 (4) 0 1 (< 1) Thrombocytopenia 109 (33) 80 (24) 12 (4) 11 (3) 5 (2) 1 (< 1) Constipation 99 (30) 6 (2) 0 27 (8) 1 (< 1) 0 Vomiting NOS 96 (29) 8 (2) 0 10 (3) 1 (< 1) 0 Anorexia 68 (21) 8 (2) 0 8 (2) 1 (< 1) 0 Pyrexia 66 (20) 2 (< 1) 0 21 (6) 3 (< 1) 1 (< 1) Paresthesia 64 (19) 5 (2) 0 24 (7) 0 0 Anemia NOS 63 (19) 20 (6) 1 (< 1) 21 (6) 8 (2) 0 Headache NOS 62 (19) 3 (< 1) 0 23 (7) 1 (< 1) 0 Neutropenia 58 (18) 37 (11) 8 (2) 1 (< 1) 1 (< 1) 0 Rash NOS 43 (13) 3 (< 1) 0 7 (2) 0 0 Appetite decreased NOS 36 (11) 0 0 12 (4) 0 0 Dyspnea NOS 35 (11) 11 (3) 1 (< 1) 37 (11) 7 (2) 1 (< 1) Abdominal pain NOS 35 (11) 5 (2) 0 7 (2) 0 0 Weakness 34 (10) 10 (3) 0 28 (8) 8 (2) 0 Safety Experience from the Phase 2 Open-Label Extension Study in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma In the phase 2 extension study of 63 patients, no new cumulative or new long-term toxicities were observed with prolonged VELCADE treatment. These patients were treated for a total of 5.3 to 23 months, including time on VELCADE in the prior VELCADE study [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. Safety Experience from the Phase 3 Open-Label Study of VELCADE Subcutaneous versus Intravenous in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma The safety and efficacy of VELCADE administered subcutaneously were evaluated in one Phase 3 study at the recommended dose of 1.3 mg/m2. This was a randomized, comparative study of VELCADE subcutaneous versus intravenous in 222 patients with relapsed multiple myeloma. The safety data described below and in Table 11 reflect exposure to either VELCADE subcutaneous (n=147) or VELCADE intravenous (n=74) [see Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. Table 11: Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions (≥ 10%), with Grade 3 and ≥ 4 Intensity in the Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Study (N=221) of VELCADE Subcutaneous versus Intravenous Subcutaneous Intravenous (N=147) (N=74) System Organ Class Total Toxicity Grade, n (%) Total Toxicity Grade, n (%) Preferred Term n (%) 3 ≥ 4 n (%) 3 ≥ 4 Note: Safety population: 147 patients in the subcutaneous treatment group and 74 patients in the intravenous treatment group who received at least 1 dose of study medication Blood and lymphatic system disorders Anemia 28 (19) 8 (5) 0 17 (23) 3 (4) 0 Leukopenia 26 (18) 8 (5) 0 15 (20) 4 (5) 1 (1) Neutropenia 34 (23) 15 (10) 4 (3) 20 (27) 10 (14) 3 (4) Thrombocytopenia 44 (30) 7 (5) 5 (3) 25 (34) 7 (9) 5 (7) Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 28 (19) 1 (1) 0 21 (28) 3 (4) 0 Nausea 24 (16) 0 0 10 (14) 0 0 Vomiting 13 (9) 3 (2) 0 8 (11) 0 0 General disorders and administration site conditions Asthenia 10 (7) 1 (1) 0 12 (16) 4 (5) 0 Fatigue 11 (7) 3 (2) 0 11 (15) 3 (4) 0 Pyrexia 18 (12) 0 0 6 (8) 0 0 Nervous system disorders Neuralgia 34 (23) 5 (3) 0 17 (23) 7 (9) 0 Peripheral neuropathiesRepresents High Level Term Peripheral Neuropathies NEC 55 (37) 8 (5) 1 (1) 37 (50) 10 (14) 1 (1) In general, safety data were similar for the subcutaneous and intravenous treatment groups. Differences were observed in the rates of some Grade ≥ 3 adverse reactions. Differences of ≥ 5% were reported in neuralgia (3% subcutaneous versus 9% intravenous), peripheral neuropathies (6% subcutaneous versus 15% intravenous), neutropenia (13% subcutaneous versus 18% intravenous), and thrombocytopenia (8% subcutaneous versus 16% intravenous). A local reaction was reported in 6% of patients in the subcutaneous group, mostly redness. Only 2 (1%) patients were reported as having severe reactions, 1 case of pruritus and 1 case of redness. Local reactions led to reduction in injection concentration in one patient and drug discontinuation in one patient. Local reactions resolved in a median of 6 days. Dose reductions occurred due to adverse reactions in 31% of patients in the subcutaneous treatment group compared with 43% of the intravenously-treated patients. The most common adverse reactions leading to a dose reduction included peripheral sensory neuropathy (17% in the subcutaneous treatment group compared with 31% in the intravenous treatment group); and neuralgia (11% in the subcutaneous treatment group compared with 19% in the intravenous treatment group). Serious Adverse Reactions and Adverse Reactions Leading to Treatment Discontinuation in the Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Study of VELCADE Subcutaneous versus Intravenous The incidence of serious adverse reactions was similar for the subcutaneous treatment group (20%) and the intravenous treatment group (19%). The most commonly reported serious adverse reactions in the subcutaneous treatment arm were pneumonia and pyrexia (2% each). In the intravenous treatment group, the most commonly reported serious adverse reactions were pneumonia, diarrhea, and peripheral sensory neuropathy (3% each). In the subcutaneous treatment group, 27 patients (18%) discontinued study treatment due to an adverse reaction compared with 17 patients (23%) in the intravenous treatment group. Among the 147 subcutaneously-treated patients, the most commonly reported adverse reactions leading to discontinuation were peripheral sensory neuropathy (5%) and neuralgia (5%). Among the 74 patients in the intravenous treatment group, the most commonly reported adverse reactions leading to treatment discontinuation were peripheral sensory neuropathy (9%) and neuralgia (9%). Two patients (1%) in the subcutaneous treatment group and 1 (1%) patient in the intravenous treatment group died due to an adverse reaction during treatment. In the subcutaneous group the causes of death were one case of pneumonia and one case of sudden death. In the intravenous group the cause of death was coronary artery insufficiency. Safety Experience from the Clinical Trial in Patients with Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma Table 12 describes safety data from 240 patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma who received VELCADE (1.3 mg/m2) administered intravenously in combination with rituximab (375 mg/m2), cyclophosphamide (750 mg/m2), doxorubicin (50 mg/m2), and prednisone (100 mg/m2) (VcR-CAP) in a prospective randomized study. Infections were reported for 31% of patients in the VcR-CAP arm and 23% of the patients in the comparator (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone [R-CHOP]) arm, including the predominant preferred term of pneumonia (VcR-CAP 8% versus R-CHOP 5%). Table 12: Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions (≥ 5%) with Grades 3 and ≥ 4 Intensity in the Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma Study VcR-CAP n=240 R-CHOP n=242 System Organ Class Preferred Term All n (%) Toxicity Grade 3 n (%) Toxicity Grade ≥4 n (%) All n (%) Toxicity Grade 3 n (%) Toxicity Grade ≥4 n (%) Key: R-CHOP=rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone; VcR-CAP=VELCADE, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone. Blood and lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia 209 (87) 32 (13) 168 (70) 172 (71) 31 (13) 125 (52) Leukopenia 116 (48) 34 (14) 69 (29) 87 (36) 39 (16) 27 (11) Anemia 106 (44) 27 (11) 4 (2) 71 (29) 23 (10) 4 (2) Thrombocytopenia 172 (72) 59 (25) 76 (32) 42 (17) 9 (4) 3 (1) Febrile neutropenia 41 (17) 24 (10) 12 (5) 33 (14) 17 (7) 15 (6) Lymphopenia 68 (28) 25 (10) 36 (15) 28 (12) 15 (6) 2 (1) Nervous system disorders Peripheral neuropathyRepresents High Level Term Peripheral Neuropathies NEC 71 (30) 17 (7) 1 (< 1) 65 (27) 10 (4) 0 Hypoesthesia 14 (6) 3 (1) 0 13 (5) 0 0 Paresthesia 14 (6) 2 (1) 0 11 (5) 0 0 Neuralgia 25 (10) 9 (4) 0 1 (< 1) 0 0 General disorders and administration site conditions Fatigue 43 (18) 11 (5) 1 (< 1) 38 (16) 5 (2) 0 Pyrexia 48 (20) 7 (3) 0 23 (10) 5 (2) 0 Asthenia 29 (12) 4 (2) 1 (< 1) 18 (7) 1 (< 1) 0 Edema peripheral 16 (7) 1 (< 1) 0 13 (5) 0 0 Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea 54 (23) 1 (< 1) 0 28 (12) 0 0 Constipation 42 (18) 1 (< 1) 0 22 (9) 2 (1) 0 Stomatitis 20 (8) 2 (1) 0 19 (8) 0 1 (< 1) Diarrhea 59 (25) 11 (5) 0 11 (5) 3 (1) 1 (< 1) Vomiting 24 (10) 1 (< 1) 0 8 (3) 0 0 Abdominal distension 13 (5) 0 0 4 (2) 0 0 Infections and infestations Pneumonia 20 (8) 8 (3) 5 (2) 11 (5) 5 (2) 3 (1) Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia 31 (13) 1 (< 1) 1 (< 1) 33 (14) 4 (2) 0 Metabolism and nutrition disorders Hyperglycemia 10 (4) 1 (< 1) 0 17 (7) 10 (4) 0 Decreased appetite 36 (15) 2 (1) 0 15 (6) 1 (< 1) 0 Vascular disorders Hypertension 15 (6) 1 (< 1) 0 3 (1) 0 0 Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 16 (7) 1 (< 1) 0 8 (3) 0 0 The incidence of herpes zoster reactivation was 4.6% in the VcR-CAP arm and 0.8% in the R-CHOP arm. Antiviral prophylaxis was mandated by protocol amendment. The incidences of Grade ≥ 3 bleeding events were similar between the 2 arms (3 patients in the VcR-CAP arm and 1 patient in the R-CHOP arm). All of the Grade ≥ 3 bleeding events resolved without sequelae in the VcR-CAP arm. Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation occurred in 8% of patients in VcR-CAP group and 6% of patients in R-CHOP group. In the VcR-CAP group, the most commonly reported adverse reaction leading to discontinuation was peripheral sensory neuropathy (1%; 3 patients). The most commonly reported adverse reaction leading to discontinuation in the R-CHOP group was febrile neutropenia (< 1%; 2 patients). Integrated Summary of Safety (Relapsed Multiple Myeloma and Relapsed Mantle Cell Lymphoma) Safety data from phase 2 and 3 studies of single agent VELCADE 1.3 mg/m2/dose twice weekly for 2 weeks followed by a 10-day rest period in 1163 patients with previously-treated multiple myeloma (N=1008) and previously-treated mantle cell lymphoma (N=155) were integrated and tabulated. This analysis does not include data from the Phase 3 Open-Label Study of VELCADE subcutaneous versus intravenous in relapsed multiple myeloma. In the integrated studies, the safety profile of VELCADE was similar in patients with multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma. In the integrated analysis, the most commonly reported (> 20%) adverse reactions were nausea (49%), diarrhea (46%), asthenic conditions including fatigue (41%) and weakness (11%), peripheral neuropathies (38%), thrombocytopenia (32%), vomiting (28%), constipation (25%), and pyrexia (21%). Eleven percent (11%) of patients experienced at least 1 episode of ≥ Grade 4 toxicity, most commonly thrombocytopenia (4%) and neutropenia (2%). In the Phase 2 relapsed multiple myeloma clinical trials of VELCADE administered intravenously, local skin irritation was reported in 5% of patients, but extravasation of VELCADE was not associated with tissue damage. Serious Adverse Reactions and Adverse Reactions Leading to Treatment Discontinuation in the Integrated Summary of Safety A total of 26% of patients experienced a serious adverse reaction during the studies. The most commonly reported serious adverse reactions included diarrhea, vomiting and pyrexia (3% each), nausea, dehydration, and thrombocytopenia (2% each) and pneumonia, dyspnea, peripheral neuropathies, and herpes zoster (1% each). Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation occurred in 22% of patients. The reasons for discontinuation included peripheral neuropathy (8%), and fatigue, thrombocytopenia, and diarrhea (2% each). In total, 2% of the patients died and the cause of death was considered by the investigator to be possibly related to study drug: including reports of cardiac arrest, congestive heart failure, respiratory failure, renal failure, pneumonia and sepsis. Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions in the Integrated Summary of Safety The most common adverse reactions are shown in Table 13. All adverse reactions occurring at ≥ 10% are included. In the absence of a randomized comparator arm, it is often not possible to distinguish between adverse events that are drug-caused and those that reflect the patient's underlying disease. Please see the discussion of specific adverse reactions that follows. Table 13: Most Commonly Reported (≥ 10% Overall) Adverse Reactions in Integrated Analyses of Relapsed Multiple Myeloma and Relapsed Mantle Cell Lymphoma Studies using the 1.3 mg/m2 Dose (N=1163) All Patients N=1163 Multiple Myeloma N=1008 Mantle Cell Lymphoma N=155 Preferred Term All ≥ Grade 3 All ≥ Grade 3 All ≥ Grade 3 Nausea 567 (49) 36 (3) 511 (51) 32 (3) 56 (36) 4 (3) Diarrhea NOS 530 (46) 83 (7) 470 (47) 72 (7) 60 (39) 11 (7) Fatigue 477 (41) 86 (7) 396 (39) 71 (7) 81 (52) 15 (10) Peripheral neuropathiesRepresents High Level Term Peripheral Neuropathies NEC 443 (38) 129 (11) 359 (36) 110 (11) 84 (54) 19 (12) Thrombocytopenia 369 (32) 295 (25) 344 (34) 283 (28) 25 (16) 12 (8) Vomiting NOS 321 (28) 44 (4) 286 (28) 40 (4) 35 (23) 4 (3) Constipation 296 (25) 17 (1) 244 (24) 14 (1) 52 (34) 3 (2) Pyrexia 249 (21) 16 (1) 233 (23) 15 (1) 16 (10) 1 (< 1) Anorexia 227 (20) 19 (2) 205 (20) 16 (2) 22 (14) 3 (2) Anemia NOS 209 (18) 65 (6) 190 (19) 63 (6) 19 (12) 2 (1) Headache NOS 175 (15) 8 (< 1) 160 (16) 8 (< 1) 15 (10) 0 Neutropenia 172 (15) 121 (10) 164 (16) 117 (12) 8 (5) 4 (3) Rash NOS 156 (13) 8 (< 1) 120 (12) 4 (< 1) 36 (23) 4 (3) Paresthesia 147 (13) 9 (< 1) 136 (13) 8 (< 1) 11 (7) 1 (< 1) Dizziness (excl vertigo) 129 (11) 13 (1) 101 (10) 9 (< 1) 28 (18) 4 (3) Weakness 124 (11) 31 (3) 106 (11) 28 (3) 18 (12) 3 (2) Description of Selected Adverse Reactions from the Integrated Phase 2 and 3 Relapsed Multiple Myeloma and Phase 2 Relapsed Mantle Cell Lymphoma Studies Gastrointestinal Toxicity A total of 75% of patients experienced at least one gastrointestinal disorder. The most common gastrointestinal disorders included nausea, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, and appetite decreased. Other gastrointestinal disorders included dyspepsia and dysgeusia. Grade 3 adverse reactions occurred in 14% of patients; ≥ Grade 4 adverse reactions were ≤ 1%. Gastrointestinal adverse reactions were considered serious in 7% of patients. Four percent (4%) of patients discontinued due to a gastrointestinal adverse reaction. Nausea was reported more often in patients with multiple myeloma (51%) compared to patients with mantle cell lymphoma (36%). Thrombocytopenia Across the studies, VELCADE-associated thrombocytopenia was characterized by a decrease in platelet count during the dosing period (days 1 to 11) and a return toward baseline during the 10-day rest period during each treatment cycle. Overall, thrombocytopenia was reported in 32% of patients. Thrombocytopenia was Grade 3 in 22%, ≥ Grade 4 in 4%, and serious in 2% of patients, and the reaction resulted in VELCADE discontinuation in 2% of patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) ]. Thrombocytopenia was reported more often in patients with multiple myeloma (34%) compared to patients with mantle cell lymphoma (16%). The incidence of ≥ Grade 3 thrombocytopenia also was higher in patients with multiple myeloma (28%) compared to patients with mantle cell lymphoma (8%). Peripheral Neuropathy Overall, peripheral neuropathies occurred in 38% of patients. Peripheral neuropathy was Grade 3 for 11% of patients and ≥ Grade 4 for < 1% of patients. Eight percent (8%) of patients discontinued VELCADE due to peripheral neuropathy. The incidence of peripheral neuropathy was higher among patients with mantle cell lymphoma (54%) compared to patients with multiple myeloma (36%). In the VELCADE versus dexamethasone phase 3 relapsed multiple myeloma study, among the 62 VELCADE-treated patients who experienced ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy and had dose adjustments, 48% had improved or resolved with a median of 3.8 months from first onset. In the phase 2 relapsed multiple myeloma studies, among the 30 patients who experienced Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy resulting in discontinuation or who experienced ≥ Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy, 73% reported improvement or resolution with a median time of 47 days to improvement of one Grade or more from the last dose of VELCADE. Hypotension The incidence of hypotension (postural, orthostatic and hypotension NOS) was 8% in patients treated with VELCADE. Hypotension was Grade 1 or 2 in the majority of patients and Grade 3 in 2% and ≥ Grade 4 in < 1%. Two percent (2%) of patients had hypotension reported as a serious adverse reaction, and 1% discontinued due to hypotension. The incidence of hypotension was similar in patients with multiple myeloma (8%) and those with mantle cell lymphoma (9%). In addition, < 1% of patients experienced hypotension associated with a syncopal reaction. Neutropenia Neutrophil counts decreased during the VELCADE dosing period (days 1 to 11) and returned toward baseline during the 10-day rest period during each treatment cycle. Overall, neutropenia occurred in 15% of patients and was Grade 3 in 8% of patients and ≥ Grade 4 in 2%. Neutropenia was reported as a serious adverse reaction in < 1% of patients and < 1% of patients discontinued due to neutropenia. The incidence of neutropenia was higher in patients with multiple myeloma (16%) compared to patients with mantle cell lymphoma (5%). The incidence of ≥ Grade 3 neutropenia also was higher in patients with multiple myeloma (12%) compared to patients with mantle cell lymphoma (3%). Asthenic conditions (Fatigue, Malaise, Weakness, Asthenia) Asthenic conditions were reported in 54% of patients. Fatigue was reported as Grade 3 in 7% and ≥ Grade 4 in < 1% of patients. Asthenia was reported as Grade 3 in 2% and ≥ Grade 4 in < 1% of patients. Two percent (2%) of patients discontinued treatment due to fatigue and < 1% due to weakness and asthenia. Asthenic conditions were reported in 53% of patients with multiple myeloma and 59% of patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Pyrexia Pyrexia (> 38ºC) was reported as an adverse reaction for 21% of patients. The reaction was Grade 3 in 1% and ≥ Grade 4 in < 1%. Pyrexia was reported as a serious adverse reaction in 3% of patients and led to VELCADE discontinuation in < 1% of patients. The incidence of pyrexia was higher among patients with multiple myeloma (23%) compared to patients with mantle cell lymphoma (10%). The incidence of ≥ Grade 3 pyrexia was 1% in patients with multiple myeloma and < 1% in patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Herpes Virus Infection Consider using antiviral prophylaxis in subjects being treated with VELCADE. In the randomized studies in previously untreated and relapsed multiple myeloma, herpes zoster reactivation was more common in subjects treated with VELCADE (ranging between 6-11%) than in the control groups (3-4%). Herpes simplex was seen in 1-3% in subjects treated with VELCADE and 1-3% in the control groups. In the previously untreated multiple myeloma study, herpes zoster virus reactivation in the VELCADE, melphalan and prednisone arm was less common in subjects receiving prophylactic antiviral therapy (3%) than in subjects who did not receive prophylactic antiviral therapy (17%). Retreatment in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma A single-arm trial was conducted in 130 patients with relapsed multiple myeloma to determine the efficacy and safety of retreatment with intravenous VELCADE. The safety profile of patients in this trial is consistent with the known safety profile of VELCADE-treated patients with relapsed multiple myeloma as demonstrated in Tables 10, 11, and 13; no cumulative toxicities were observed upon retreatment. The most common adverse drug reaction was thrombocytopenia which occurred in 52% of the patients. The incidence of ≥ Grade 3 thrombocytopenia was 24%. Peripheral neuropathy occurred in 28% of patients, with the incidence of ≥ Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy reported at 6%. The incidence of serious adverse reactions was 12.3%. The most commonly reported serious adverse reactions were thrombocytopenia (3.8%), diarrhea (2.3%), and herpes zoster and pneumonia (1.5% each). Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation occurred in 13% of patients. The reasons for discontinuation included peripheral neuropathy (5%) and diarrhea (3%). Two deaths considered to be VELCADE-related occurred within 30 days of the last VELCADE dose; one in a patient with cerebrovascular accident and one in a patient with sepsis. Additional Adverse Reactions from Clinical Studies The following clinically important serious adverse reactions that are not described above have been reported in clinical trials in patients treated with VELCADE administered as monotherapy or in combination with other chemotherapeutics. These studies were conducted in patients with hematological malignancies and in solid tumors. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, febrile neutropenia, lymphopenia, leukopenia Cardiac disorders: Angina pectoris, atrial fibrillation aggravated, atrial flutter, bradycardia, sinus arrest, cardiac amyloidosis, complete atrioventricular block, myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, pericarditis, pericardial effusion, Torsades de pointes, ventricular tachycardia Ear and labyrinth disorders: Hearing impaired, vertigo Eye disorders: Diplopia and blurred vision, conjunctival infection, irritation Gastrointestinal disorders: Abdominal pain, ascites, dysphagia, fecal impaction, gastroenteritis, gastritis hemorrhagic, hematemesis, hemorrhagic duodenitis, ileus paralytic, large intestinal obstruction, paralytic intestinal obstruction, peritonitis, small intestinal obstruction, large intestinal perforation, stomatitis, melena, pancreatitis acute, oral mucosal petechiae, gastroesophageal reflux General disorders and administration site conditions: Chills, edema, edema peripheral, injection site erythema, neuralgia, injection site pain, irritation, malaise, phlebitis Hepatobiliary disorders: Cholestasis, hepatic hemorrhage, hyperbilirubinemia, portal vein thrombosis, hepatitis, liver failure Immune system disorders: Anaphylactic reaction, drug hypersensitivity, immune complex mediated hypersensitivity, angioedema, laryngeal edema Infections and infestations: Aspergillosis, bacteremia, bronchitis, urinary tract infection, herpes viral infection, listeriosis, nasopharyngitis, pneumonia, respiratory tract infection, septic shock, toxoplasmosis, oral candidiasis, sinusitis, catheter related infection Injury, poisoning and procedural complications: Catheter related complication, skeletal fracture, subdural hematoma Investigations: Weight decreased Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Dehydration, hypocalcemia, hyperuricemia, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Arthralgia, back pain, bone pain, myalgia, pain in extremity Nervous system disorders : Ataxia, coma, dizziness, dysarthria, dysesthesia, dysautonomia, encephalopathy, cranial palsy, grand mal convulsion, headache, hemorrhagic stroke, motor dysfunction, neuralgia, spinal cord compression, paralysis, postherpetic neuralgia, transient ischemic attack Psychiatric disorders : Agitation, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, mental status change, psychotic disorder, suicidal ideation Renal and urinary disorders: Calculus renal, bilateral hydronephrosis, bladder spasm, hematuria, hemorrhagic cystitis, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, renal failure (acute and chronic), glomerular nephritis proliferative Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, aspiration pneumonia, atelectasis, chronic obstructive airways disease exacerbated, cough, dysphagia, dyspnea, dyspnea exertional, epistaxis, hemoptysis, hypoxia, lung infiltration, pleural effusion, pneumonitis, respiratory distress, pulmonary hypertension Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders : Urticaria, face edema, rash (which may be pruritic), leukocytoclastic vasculitis, pruritus. Vascular disorders : Cerebrovascular accident, cerebral hemorrhage, deep venous thrombosis, hypertension, peripheral embolism, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary hypertension 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified from the worldwide postmarketing experience with VELCADE. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure: atrioventricular block complete, cardiac tamponade, ischemic colitis, encephalopathy, dysautonomia, deafness bilateral, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hepatitis, acute pancreatitis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), acute diffuse infiltrative pulmonary disease, PRES (formerly RPLS), toxic epidermal necrolysis, acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome), herpes meningoencephalitis, optic neuropathy, blindness and ophthalmic herpes.

Drug Interactions

Bortezomib is a substrate of cytochrome P450 enzyme 3A4, 2C19 and 1A2. Co-administration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors can increase VELCADE exposure. Closely monitor patients receiving VELCADE in combination with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. (7.1) Co-administration with strong CYP3A4 inducers can decrease VELCADE exposure. Avoid concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inducers. (7.3) 7.1 CYP3A4 inhibitors Co-administration of ketoconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, increased the exposure of bortezomib by 35% in 12 patients. Monitor patients for signs of bortezomib toxicity and consider a bortezomib dose reduction if bortezomib must be given in combination with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, ritonavir). 7.2 CYP2C19 inhibitors Co-administration of omeprazole, a strong inhibitor of CYP2C19, had no effect on the exposure of bortezomib in 17 patients. 7.3 CYP3A4 inducers Co-administration of rifampin, a strong CYP3A4 inducer, is expected to decrease the exposure of bortezomib by at least 45%. Because the drug interaction study (n=6) was not designed to exert the maximum effect of rifampin on bortezomib PK, decreases greater than 45% may occur. Efficacy may be reduced when VELCADE is used in combination with strong CYP3A4 inducers; therefore, concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inducers is not recommended in patients receiving VELCADE. St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) may decrease bortezomib exposure unpredictably and should be avoided. 7.4 Dexamethasone Co-administration of dexamethasone, a weak CYP3A4 inducer, had no effect on the exposure of bortezomib in 7 patients. 7.5 Melphalan-Prednisone Co-administration of melphalan-prednisone increased the exposure of bortezomib by 17% in 21 patients. However, this increase is unlikely to be clinically relevant.

Use In Specific Populations

Patients with diabetes may require close monitoring of blood glucose and adjustment of anti-diabetic medication. (8.8) 8.1 Pregnancy Pregnancy Category D [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10) ]. Risk Summary VELCADE may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. If VELCADE is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Bortezomib caused embryo-fetal lethality in rabbits at doses lower than the clinical dose. Animal Data Bortezomib was not teratogenic in nonclinical developmental toxicity studies in rats and rabbits at the highest dose tested (0.075 mg/kg; 0.5 mg/m2 in the rat and 0.05 mg/kg; 0.6 mg/m2 in the rabbit) when administered during organogenesis. These dosages are approximately 0.5 times the clinical dose of 1.3 mg/m2 based on body surface area. Pregnant rabbits given bortezomib during organogenesis at a dose of 0.05 mg/kg (0.6 mg/m2) experienced significant post-implantation loss and decreased number of live fetuses. Live fetuses from these litters also showed significant decreases in fetal weight. The dose is approximately 0.5 times the clinical dose of 1.3 mg/m2 based on body surface area. 8.3 Nursing Mothers It is not known whether bortezomib is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from VELCADE, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. 8.4 Pediatric Use The effectiveness of VELCADE in pediatric patients with relapsed pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has not been established. The activity and safety of VELCADE in combination with intensive reinduction chemotherapy was evaluated in pediatric and young adult patients with lymphoid malignancies (pre-B cell ALL 77%, 16% with T-cell ALL, and 7% T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL)), all of whom relapsed within 36 months of initial diagnosis in a single-arm multicenter, non-randomized cooperative group trial. An effective reinduction multiagent chemotherapy regimen was administered in 3 blocks. Block 1 included vincristine, prednisone, doxorubicin and pegaspargase; block 2 included cyclophosphamide, etoposide and methotrexate; block 3 included high dose cytosine arabinoside and asparaginase. VELCADE was administered at a dose of 1.3 mg/m2 as a bolus intravenous injection on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of block 1 and days 1, 4, and 8 of block 2. There were 140 patients with ALL or LL enrolled and evaluated for safety. The median age was 10 years (range 1 to 26), 57% were male, 70% were white, 14% were black, 4% were Asian, 2% were American Indian/ Alaska Native, 1% were Pacific Islander. The activity was evaluated in a pre-specified subset of the first 60 evaluable patients enrolled on the study with pre-B ALL ≤ 21 years and relapsed < 36 months from diagnosis. The complete remission (CR) rate at day 36 was compared to that in a historical control set of patients who had received the identical backbone therapy without VELCADE. There was no evidence that the addition of VELCADE had any impact on the CR rate. No new safety concerns were observed when VELCADE was added to a chemotherapy backbone regimen as compared with a historical control group in which the backbone regimen was given without VELCADE. The BSA-normalized clearance of bortezomib in pediatric patients was similar to that observed in adults. 8.5 Geriatric Use Of the 669 patients enrolled in the relapsed multiple myeloma study, 245 (37%) were 65 years of age or older: 125 (38%) on the VELCADE arm and 120 (36%) on the dexamethasone arm. Median time to progression and median duration of response for patients ≥ 65 were longer on VELCADE compared to dexamethasone [5.5 mo versus 4.3 mo, and 8.0 mo versus 4.9 mo, respectively]. On the VELCADE arm, 40% (n=46) of evaluable patients aged ≥ 65 experienced response (CR+PR) versus 18% (n=21) on the dexamethasone arm. The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 events was 64%, 78% and 75% for VELCADE patients ≤ 50, 51-64 and ≥ 65 years old, respectively [see Adverse Reactions (6.1); Clinical Studies (14.1) ]. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between patients ≥ age 65 and younger patients receiving VELCADE; but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. 8.6 Patients with Renal Impairment The pharmacokinetics of VELCADE are not influenced by the degree of renal impairment. Therefore, dosing adjustments of VELCADE are not necessary for patients with renal insufficiency. Since dialysis may reduce VELCADE concentrations, VELCADE should be administered after the dialysis procedure [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 8.7 Patients with Hepatic Impairment The exposure of bortezomib is increased in patients with moderate (bilirubin ≥ 1.5 – 3× ULN) and severe (bilirubin > 3 × ULN) hepatic impairment. Starting dose should be reduced in those patients [see Dosage and Administration (2.8), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ]. 8.8 Patients with Diabetes During clinical trials, hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia were reported in diabetic patients receiving oral hypoglycemics. Patients on oral anti-diabetic agents receiving VELCADE treatment may require close monitoring of their blood glucose levels and adjustment of the dose of their anti-diabetic medication.

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